Good day everyone.
When solving various issues with Windows, very often you have to execute various commands through the 'Run' menu (you can also run those programs that are hidden from view using this menu).
Some programs, however, can be launched using the control panel Windows, but, as a rule, it takes longer. Actually, which is easier, just type one command and hit Enter, or open 10 tabs?
In my recommendations, I also often refer to certain commands, how to enter them, etc. That is why, the idea was born to create a small help article with the most necessary and popular commands, which often have to be run through 'Run'. So…
Question # 1: How do I open the Run menu?
The question may not be so relevant, but just in case I will add it here.
In Windows 7 this function is built into the START menu, you just need to open it (screenshot below). You can also enter the required command in the 'Find programs and files' line.
Windows 7 – START menu (clickable).
In Windows 8, 10, it is enough to press the combination of the Win and R buttons, then a window will pop up in front of you, in it you need to enter the command and press Enter (see the screenshot below).
The combination of Win + R buttons on the keyboard
Windows 10 – Run menu.
List of popular commands for the 'EXECUTE' menu (alphabetically)
1) Internet Explorer
I think there is no comment here. By entering this command, you can start the Internet browser, which is in each version Windows. 'Why run it?' – you may ask. It's simple, if only to download another browser :).
Helps to launch the graphical editor built in Windows. It is not always convenient (for example, in Windows 8) to search for an editor among the tiles when you can launch it so quickly.
A useful text editor. If there is no Microsoft Word on the PC, then it is generally an irreplaceable thing.
Command: control admin tools
Useful command when setting up Windows.
5) Backup and restore
With this function, you can make an archive copy or restore it. I recommend, at least sometimes, before installing drivers, 'suspicious' programs, to make backup copies Windows.
Standard notepad in Windows. Sometimes, rather than looking for a notepad icon, you can launch it much faster with such a simple standard command.
7) Firewall Windows
Fine-tuning the built-in firewall at Windows. It helps a lot when you need to disable it, or give some application access to the network.
8) System Restore
If your PC starts to run slower, freezes, etc. – maybe it is worth rolling it back, at a time when everything worked well? Thanks to recovery, you can fix many errors (although some drivers or programs may be lost. Documents and files will remain in their 'place').
9) Log out
Standard logout. It is sometimes necessary when the START menu is stuck (for example), or it simply does not have this item (this happens when installing various OS assemblies from 'craftsmen').
10) Date and time
For some users, if the icon with the time or date disappears, panic will start … This command will help you set the time, date, even if you do not have these icons in the tray (changes may require administrator rights).
11) Disk Defragmenter
This operation helps speed up your disk system. This is especially true for disks with the FAT file system (NTFS is less susceptible to fragmentation – that is, it does not affect its performance so much). More details about defragmentation here: https: //pcpro100.info/defragmentatsiya-zhestkogo-diska/
12) Task Manager Windows
By the way, the task manager is most often called with the Ctrl + Shift + Esc buttons (just in case – there is a second option :)).
13) Device Manager
A very useful dispatcher (and the command itself), you have to open it quite often for various problems in Windows. By the way, to open the device manager, you can poke around in the control panel for a long time, but you can do it like this quickly and gracefully …
14) Shutdown Windows
Command: shutdown / s
This command is for the most common shutdown of the computer. It will come in handy in cases where the START menu does not respond to your pressing.
Sound settings menu (no additional comments).
16) Game devices
This tab is extremely useful when you connect joysticks, steering wheels and other game devices to your computer. You can not only check them here, but also configure them for further full-fledged work.
Such a simple launch of the calculator helps save time (especially in OS Windows 8 or for those users where all the standard shortcuts have been transferred).
18) Command line
One of the most useful commands! The command line is often needed when solving all kinds of problems: with a disk, with an OS, with setting up a network, adapters, etc.
19) System configuration
Very important tab! Helps to configure OS autoload Windows, select the startup type, indicate which programs should not be launched. In general, one of the tabs for detailed OS settings.
20) Resource Monitor in Windows
Command: perfmon / res
Used to diagnose and identify performance bottlenecks: hard disk, network CPU, etc. In general, when your PC slows down, I recommend taking a look here …
21) Shared folders
In some cases, rather than looking for where these shared folders are, it's easier to type one command gracefully and look at them.
22) Disk Cleanup
Regularly cleaning the disk from 'junk' files, you can not only increase free space on it, but also speed up the performance of the entire PC somewhat. True, the built-in cleaner is not so skillful, so I recommend these: https: //pcpro100.info/luchshie-programmyi-dlya-ochistki-kompyutera-ot-musora/
23) Control panel
It will help open the standard control panel Windows. If the START menu is stuck (this happens when there are problems with the explorer / explorer) – then, in general, an irreplaceable thing!
24) Folder 'Downloads'
Quick command to open downloads folder. All files are downloaded to this folder by default Windows (quite often many users are looking for where Windows they saved the file they just downloaded …).
25) Folder options
Command: control folders
Setting the opening of folders, display, etc. moments. It is very convenient when you need to quickly set up work with directories.
Command: shutdown / r
Reboots the computer. Attention! The computer will restart immediately with no questions asked about saving various data in open applications. It is recommended to enter this command when the 'usual' way to restart the PC does not help.
27) Task Scheduler
Command: control schedtasks
A very useful thing when you want to schedule certain programs to run. For example, to add some programs to startup in new ones Windows, it is easier to do this through the task scheduler (also indicate after how many minutes / seconds a particular program should be launched after turning on the PC).
28) Check disk
Mega-useful thing! If there are errors on your disks, it is not visible Windows, does not open, Windows wants to format it – do not rush. Try to check it for errors first. Very often this command just saves the data. You can learn more about it in this article: https: //pcpro100.info/hdd-file-system-raw/
Everything you see when you turn on your computer: desktop, taskbar, etc. – all this displays the explorer, if you close it (the explorer process), only a black screen will be visible. Sometimes, explorer freezes and needs to be restarted. Therefore, this command is quite popular, I recommend remembering it …
30) Programs and Features
This tab will allow you to familiarize yourself with the applications that are installed on your computer. Unnecessary – you can delete. By the way, the list of applications can be sorted by installation date, name, etc.
31) Screen Resolution
A tab with screen settings will open, among the main ones is the screen resolution. In general, in order not to search for a long time in the control panel, it is much faster to type this command (if you know it, of course).
32) Local Group Policy Editor
Very helpful team. Thanks to the Local Group Policy Editor, you can configure many settings that are hidden from view. In my articles, I often refer to him …
33) Registry Editor
Another mega-useful command. Thanks to it, you can quickly open the system registry. In the registry, very often you have to edit incorrect information, delete old tails, etc. In general, with a wide variety of problems with the OS – without 'not getting into' the registry, it is impossible.
34) System Information
A very useful utility that will tell literally everything about your computer: BIOS version, motherboard model, OS version, its bit capacity, etc. There is a lot of information, it is not for nothing that they say that this built-in utility can even replace some third-party programs of this genre. And in general, imagine if you came to a PC that was not yours (you will not install third-party software, and sometimes it is impossible to do it) – and so, I started it, looked at everything I needed, closed it …
35) System Properties
Using this command, it will be possible to change the working group of the computer, the name of the PC, start the device manager, adjust the performance, user profiles, etc.
36) Properties: Internet
Detailed configuration of the Internet Explorer browser, as well as the Internet in general (for example, security, privacy, etc.).
37) Properties: Keyboard
Command: control keyboard
Setting up the keyboard. For example, you can make the cursor flicker more often (less often).
38) Properties: Mouse
Command: control mouse
Detailed settings for the operation of the mouse, for example, you can change the scrolling speed of the mouse wheel, swap the right-left mouse buttons, specify the speed of a double click, etc.
39) Network Connections
Opens the tab: Control Panel \ Network and Internet \ Network Connections. A very useful tab when setting up a network, in case of problems with the Internet, network adapters, network drivers, etc. In general, an irreplaceable team!
A very useful tab! Allows you to configure a variety of services: change their startup type, enable, disable, etc. Allows you to customize in detail Windows for yourself, thereby increasing the performance of your computer (laptop).
41) DirectX Diagnostic Tool
An extremely useful command: you can find out the model of the CPU, video card, DirectX version, view the screen properties, screen resolution, and other characteristics.
42) Disk Management
Another very useful thing. If you want to see all the media connected to your PC, you can go anywhere without this command. Helps format disks, partition them, resize partitions, change drive letters, etc.
43) Computer Management
Huge variety of settings: disk management, task scheduler, services and applications, etc. Basically, you can remember this command, which will replace dozens of others (including those listed above in this article).
44) Devices and Printers
Command: control printers
If you have a printer or scanner, then this tab will become irreplaceable for you. For any problem with the device – I recommend starting with this tab.
45) User accounts
In this tab you can add users, edit existing accounts. Also useful when you want to remove the boot password Windows. In general, in some cases, the tab is very necessary.
46) On-Screen Keyboard
A handy thing if some key on your keyboard does not work for you (or if you want to hide the keys you type from various spyware).
47) Power supply
Used to configure power supply: set the screen brightness, operating time before disconnection (from the network and battery), performance, etc. In general, the operation of a number of devices depends on the power supply.
To be continued … (thanks in advance for the additions).