The most popular and effective ways to recover Windows 10

The operating system Windows 10 is very easy to use. Any user will be able to understand it and even cope with certain problems on their own. Unfortunately, sometimes there are too many errors, and they cause damage to system files or lead to other serious problems. The restore option Windows will help fix them.


  • Reasons to use recovery Windows
  • Restore directly from the system itself Windows 10
    • Using a restore point to roll back the system
    • Resetting the operating system to factory settings
      • Video: reset tablet from Windows 10 to factory settings
    • System data recovery through 'File History'
      • Video: restoring Windows 10 on your own
  • Non-login recovery methods
    • System restore via B IOS using a bootable media
      • Creating a bootable disk from an image
    • System restore via command line
      • Video: Boot Recovery Windows 10 Via Command Prompt
  • Repair error recovery
  • Activation key recovery Windows
  • Setting the required screen resolution
  • Password recovery in Windows 10

Reasons to use recovery Windows

The main reason is the failure of the operating system to boot. But this malfunction itself can arise due to various factors. Let's analyze the most common:

  • file corruption by viruses – if the OS files are damaged by a virus attack, the system may malfunction or not boot at all. Therefore, it is necessary to restore these files for normal operation, as there is no other way to solve the problem;
  • incorrectly installed update – if an error occurred during the update or some of the files were installed incorrectly for another reason, then instead of completely reinstalling the broken operating system, its restoration will also help;
  • damage to the hard drive – the main thing is to find out what the problem is. If the disk is physically damaged, you cannot do without replacing it. If the hitch is in how it works with data or any OS boot settings, recovery can help;
  • other changes to the registry or system files – in general, almost any changes to the system can lead to errors in its operation, from minor to critical.

Restore directly from the system itself Windows 10

Conditionally, you can divide the recovery methods into those used before the system is booted and those that are used when the system is booted. Let's start with a situation when Windows loads correctly and you have the opportunity to use the program after it starts.

Using a restore point to roll back the system

First, you need to configure directly the system protection itself, so that it is possible to create and store restore points. To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Open the 'Control Panel' and go to the 'Recovery' section. To open the 'Control Panel', just right-click on the 'Start' icon and find the required line. 'Control Panel' in the shortcut menu

    Open 'Control Panel' via the quick access menu

  2. Go to the window settings that you have opened. System protection

    Click the 'Configure' button under 'System Protection'

  3. Make sure the protection enable marker is in the correct position. Usually about 10 GB of memory is enough for restore points. It is irrational to allocate more – it will take up too much disk space, although it will allow you to return to an earlier point if necessary. Enabling protection

    Enable system protection by setting the marker to the desired position

Now you can proceed to creating a restore point:

  1. In the same window of system protection, where we went from the taskbar, click the 'New' button and enter a name for the new point. It can be anything, but it is better to indicate for what purpose you are creating a point, so that you can easily find it among others.
  2. Clicking on the 'New' button in the name entry window is the only thing that is required from the user to complete the process. Create a restore point

    Enter the name of the restore point and press the 'New' key

When the point is created, you need to figure out how to return the system to the state at the time of its creation, that is, to roll back to the restore point:

  1. Open the 'Recovery' section again.
  2. Select 'Start System Restore'.
  3. Depending on the cause of the breakdown, indicate which point to restore: recent or any other. System Restore Wizard

    In the recovery wizard, select exactly how you want to recover your system

  4. If you want to choose a point yourself, a list with brief information and date of creation will appear. Specify the required one and click 'Next'. The rollback will be done automatically and will take a few minutes. Choosing a restore point

    Specify a restore point and press the 'Next' key

Another way to access restore points is in the diagnostics menu, which is opened via 'Options' Windows 10 (Win I). This menu works in exactly the same way.

Recovery points in diagnostics

You can also use restore points through advanced system diagnostics options

Resetting the operating system to factory settings

In Windows 10 there is another recovery method. Instead of a complete reinstallation, it is possible to simply reset the system to its original state. Some programs will become inoperative as all registry entries are updated. Save the required data and programs before resetting. The very process of returning the system to its original form is performed as follows:

  1. Press the Win + I keyboard shortcut to open OS Options. There, select the Update & Security tab and go to the System Restore section. Parameters Windows

    In the options Windows open the 'Update & Security' section

  2. Press the 'Start' button to start the recovery. Starting a computer reset

    Click the 'Get Started' button under the 'Reset Computer'

  3. You will be prompted to save the files. If you click 'Erase All', the hard disk will be completely erased. Be careful when choosing. Selecting a Reset Action

    Indicate if you want to keep files on reset

  4. Regardless of the choice, the next window will display information about the reset, which will be performed. Study it and, if everything suits you, press the 'Reset' key. Reset information

    Review the reset information and click 'Reset'

  5. Wait for the process to finish. It may take up to an hour depending on the options selected. The computer will restart several times during the procedure.

Video: reset tablet from Windows 10 to factory settings

System data recovery through 'File History'

'File history' – the ability to recover damaged or deleted files for some time. It can be very useful if you need to get back missing videos, music, photos or documents. As with restore points, you need to configure this option correctly before applying:

  1. In the 'Control Panel', which can be opened as described above, select the 'File History' section. File history in the 'Control Panel'

    Select the 'File History' section in the 'Control Panel'

  2. You will see the status of the current option, as well as an indicator of the used hard disk space for storing files. First of all, enable this recovery option by pressing the corresponding button. Enabling file history

    Enable the use of 'File History'

  3. Wait for the initial copying of files to finish. Since all files will be copied at once, this may take some time.
  4. Go to advanced options (button on the left side of the screen). Here you can specify how often you want to make copies of files and how long they need to be kept. If set to 'always' then copies will not be deleted on their own. Additional file history options

    Set up saving files the way you like

This way, you will be able to recover files, unless, of course, the disk has been subjected to complete data wiping. Now let's figure out how to recover a lost file:

  1. Open the path where this file was previously located. Conductor

    Open the location where the file was previously

  2. In Explorer, select the clock and arrow icon. The history menu will open. Using file history

    Click on the clock icon next to the folder in the top bar

  3. Select the file you need and click on the green arrow icon to restore. Returning a file through file history

    Click on the green arrow to return the selected file

Video: restoring Windows 10 on your own

Non-login recovery methods

If the operating system does not boot, then it is more difficult to restore it. However, acting strictly according to the instructions, and here you can cope without problems.

System restore via B IOS using a bootable media

With a bootable media, you can run System Restore via B IOS, that is, before booting Windows 10. But first, such a drive needs to be created:

  1. For your purposes, it is most convenient to use the official utility Windows 10 to create a bootable drive. Find the Microsoft program Windows 10 Installation Media Creation Tool on the website and download it to your computer, taking into account the bitness of the system.
  2. Once launched, the program will prompt you to select an action. Select the second item, since we are not interested in updating the computer. Windows 10 Installation Media Creation Tool

    Select 'Create installation media …' and press the 'Next' key

  3. Then determine the language and bitness of the system. In our case, you need to specify the same data as in the operating system. We will need to restore it using these files, which means that they must match. System language selection

    Set the language and bit system to write to the media

  4. Select recording to USB storage. If you need to use the bootable disc, then choose to create an ISO file. Selecting a recording medium

    Select USB media for system recording

Nothing else is required of you. The boot drive will be created, and you can proceed directly to the system recovery. First you need to open B IOS. This is done by pressing different keys when turning on the computer, which depend on the device model:

  • Acer – most often the buttons for entering B IOS for this company are the F2 or Delete keys. Older models used whole keyboard shortcuts such as Ctrl + Alt + Escape;
  • Asus – F2 almost always works, especially on laptops. Delete is used much less often;
  • Dell also uses the F2 key on modern devices. On older models, it is better to just look for instructions on the screen, since the combinations can be very different;
  • HP – laptops and computers of this company enter B IOS by pressing Escape and F10. Older models did this using the F1, F2, F6, F11 keys. On tablets, F10 or F12 are usually used;
  • Lenovo, Sony, Toshiba – like many other modern firms use the F2 key. This has become practically the standard for entering B IOS.

If you did not find your model and could not open B IOS, carefully study the labels that appear when you turn on the device. One of them will indicate the desired button.

Once you hit B IOS, do the following:

  1. Find First Boot Device. Depending on version B IOS, it can be in different subsections. Select your OS drive as the boot device and restart your computer after saving the changes. Menu B IOS

    Prioritize the download of the desired device

  2. The installation will begin. Check the language and, if everything is correct, click 'Next'. Language selection in the installation Windows

    Select language at the beginning of installation

  3. Go to System Restore. System restore through installation Windows

    Click 'System Restore'

  4. The recovery menu will open. Select the 'Diagnostics' button. Diagnostic selection

    Open the system diagnostics menu in this window

  5. Go to advanced options. Additional system parameters

    Go to advanced diagnostic menu options

  6. If you created a system restore point before, select 'Restore Windows using a restore point'. Otherwise, go to 'Startup Repair'. Startup recovery

    Select 'Startup Repair' in advanced options to fix operating system errors

  7. It will automatically check and fix the boot files. This process can take up to 30 minutes, after which Windows 10 should boot without problems.

Creating a bootable disk from an image

If you still need a bootable disk for system recovery, and not a flash drive, then you can create it using the ISO image obtained earlier, or use a ready-made installation disk with the same OS version. Creating a boot disk is done as follows:

  1. Create an ISO image in the installer Windows 10 or download it from the Internet. Windows 10 has its own utility for working with disk images. To access it, right-click on the image and select 'Burn disk image' from the context menu. Burn disk image

    Right click on the image file and select 'Burn disk image'

  2. Select the disc to burn and press the 'Burn' key. Image Writer

    Select the required drive and click 'Burn'

  3. Wait until the end of the procedure, and the boot disk will be created.

In case the recovery fails, you can always simply reinstall the operating system using the same disk.

System restore via command line

The command line is an effective tool for solving the problem with loading the OS. You can also open it through the diagnostics menu, which was opened using the boot drive:

  1. In the advanced options on the diagnostic menu, select Command Prompt. Command line selection

    Open a command prompt through advanced diagnostic options

  2. Another way is to choose to run with command line support in the boot methods of the operating system. Additional download options

    Select 'Safe Mode with Command Prompt' when you turn on your computer

  3. Enter the rstrui.exe command to start the automatic repair procedure.
  4. Wait for it to finish and restart your device.

Another way would require specifying the section name:

  1. Enter the diskpart and list disk commands to find the value you want. You will be presented with a list of all your drives.
  2. You can determine the required disk by its volume. Enter the command disk 0 (where 0 is the number of the desired disk). Identifying the drive on the command line

    Enter the specified sequence of commands in order to find out the number of your disk

  3. With the disk selected, use the detail disk command to get the required information. You will be shown all partitions on the disk.
  4. Find the area where the operating system is installed and note the letter designation. Section letter

    Using the disk number, you can find out the letter designation of the desired volume

  5. Enter the command bcdboot x: \ windows – 'x' should be replaced with the letter of your system drive. After that, the OS bootloader will be restored. Repairing the bootloader Windows via the command line

    Use the partition name you learned from the bcdboot x: \ windows command

In addition to these, there are a number of other commands that you may find useful:

  • bootrec.exe / fixmbr – fixes basic errors that occur when the bootloader is damaged Windows; Fixmbr command

    Use the / fixmbr command to fix the bootloader Windows

  • bootrec.exe / scanos – helps if your operating system is not displayed at boot; Scanos command

    Use the / scanos command to identify installed systems

  • bootrec.exe / FixBoot – will recreate the boot partition to fix errors. Fixboot command

    Use the / fixboot command to recreate the boot partition

Just try entering these commands one at a time: one of them will cope with your problem.

Video: Boot Recovery Windows 10 Via Command Prompt

Repair error recovery

When trying to restore the system, you may receive an error with the code 0x80070091. It is usually accompanied by information that the recovery has not been completed. This issue occurs because of an error with the Windows Apps folder. Do the following:

  1. Try to simply delete this folder. It is located along the path C: \ Program Files \ Windows Apps.
  2. The folder may be protected from deletion and hidden. Open a command prompt and enter TAKEOWN / F 'C: \ Program Files \ Windows Apps' / R / D Y. Configuring command line access

    Enter the above command to access the delete folder

  3. After entering in the parameters of the 'Explorer' set the marker to 'Show hidden files, folders and drives' and uncheck the box on hiding system files and folders. File Explorer options

    Set the checkbox to show hidden files and uncheck the hiding system

  4. Now you can delete the Windows Apps folder and start the restore procedure again. The error will not be repeated. System restore error 0x80070091

    After deleting the Windows Apps folder, the error will no longer occur

Activation key recovery Windows

The OS activation key is usually written on the device itself. But if a special sticker with a key has worn out over time, you can recognize it from the system itself. To do this, the easiest way is to use a special program:

  1. Download ShowKeyPlus from any trusted source. It doesn't require installation.
  2. Run the utility and examine the information on the screen.
  3. Save the data to the Save button or remember it. We are interested in Installed Key – this is the activation key for your operating system. In the future, this data may be useful. ShowKeyPlus

    Remember or save the activation key that the ShowKeyPlus program will give

If you need to find out the key before activating the system, then you cannot do without contacting the place of purchase or official support Microsoft.

Setting the required screen resolution

Sometimes, when restoring the operating system, the screen resolution can fly off. In this case, it should be returned:

  1. Right click on the desktop and select Screen Resolution. Screen Resolution Selection

    In the context menu, select the 'Screen resolution' item

  2. Set the recommended resolution. It is optimal for your monitor. Screen resolution

    Set the recommended screen resolution for your monitor

  3. In case the recommended resolution is clearly less than required, check your graphics adapter drivers. If they fly off, the selection of the correct resolution will not be possible until they are installed.

Password recovery in Windows 10

If you have forgotten your operating system password, you should reset it. You can request a password reset for your account on the official website:

  1. Set the marker to the 'I forgot my password' position and click 'Next'. Login to record Microsoft

    Indicate that you do not remember your password and click 'Next'

  2. Enter the email address that your account is registered to and verification characters. Then click Next. Account recovery Microsoft

    Enter the email address where your account is registered

  3. You just have to confirm the password reset by email. To do this, use any device with Internet access.

You should be prepared for any computer problems. Knowing how to recover your system in the event of a problem will help you save your data and get on with your device without reinstalling Windows.

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