Recovery Windows 10 using a flash drive: we apply different methods

With all its reliability Windows 10, sometimes it is also subject to various failures and errors. Some of these can be fixed by using the built-in System Restore utility or third-party programs. In some cases, only recovery using a rescue disk or flash drive created during the installation of the system from the corporate website Microsoft or from the storage medium from which the OS was installed can help. System Restore allows you to return Windows to a working state using restore points created at a certain point in time, or installation media with original versions of damaged files recorded on it.

Content

  • How to write an image Windows 10 to a USB flash drive
    • Create a bootable UEFI flash card
      • Video: How to create a bootable USB stick for Windows 10 using the 'Command Line' or MediaCreationTool
    • Create flash card only for computers with MBR partitions supporting UEFI
    • Create a flash card only for GPT computers that support UEFI
      • Video: how to create a bootable flash card using Rufus
  • How to restore a system from a USB flash drive
    • System Restore with B IOS
      • Video: booting a computer from a USB flash drive via B IOS
    • System recovery using the Boot menu
      • Video: booting a computer from a USB flash drive using the Boot menu
  • What problems can arise when writing an ISO image of the system to a USB flash drive and how to solve them

How to write an image Windows 10 to a USB flash drive

To recover damaged files Windows 10, you need to create a bootable media.

When installing an operating system on a computer, by default, it is proposed to create it on a USB flash drive in automatic mode. If for some reason this step was skipped or the flash drive was damaged, then you need to create a new image Windows 10 using third-party programs such as MediaCreationTool, Rufus or WinToFlash, as well as using the 'Command Line' administrator console .

Since all modern computers are released with support for the UEFI interface, the most common methods for creating bootable flash drives using the Rufus program and using the administrator console.

Create a bootable UEFI flash card

If the computer has an integrated bootloader that supports UEFI, only media formatted according to the FAT32 standard may be used for installation Windows 10.

In cases where a bootable flash card for Windows 10 is created in the MediaCreationTool from Microsoft, the structure of the FAT32 file allocation table is generated automatically. The program simply does not offer any other options, immediately making the flash card universal. Using this universal flash card, it is possible to install 'tens' on a standard hard drive with B IOS or with UEFI. There is no difference.

There is also the option of creating a universal flash card using the 'Command Line'. The algorithm of actions in this case will be as follows:

  1. Launch the Run window by pressing Win + R.
  2. Enter the commands, confirming them with the Enter key:
    • diskpart – run the utility for working with the hard drive;
    • list disk – display all areas created on the hard drive for logical partitions;
    • select disk – select a volume without forgetting to specify its number;
    • clean – clean up the volume;
    • create partition primary – create a new partition;
    • select partition – assign the active partition;
    • active – make this section active;
    • format fs = fat32 quick – format the flash card by changing the file system structure to FAT32.
    • assign – assign a drive letter after formatting is complete. USB flash drive formatting commands in the 'Command line'

      In the console, enter the commands according to the specified algorithm

  3. Download the Tens ISO file from Microsoft or from a location of your choice.
  4. Double-click on the image file, expanding it and at the same time connecting it to the virtual drive.
  5. Select all files and directories of the image and copy them by clicking the 'Copy' button.
  6. Insert everything into an empty area of ​​the flash card. Explorer Window

    Copy files to the free space of the flash drive

  7. This completes the process of forming a universal bootable flash card. You can start installing the 'tens'. List of volumes in this computer window

    Removable disk prepared for installation Windows 10

The created universal flash card will be bootable both for computers with the basic I / O system B IOS and for integrated UEFI.

Video: How to create a bootable USB stick for Windows 10 using the 'Command Line' or MediaCreationTool

Create flash card only for computers with MBR partitions supporting UEFI

Quickly create a bootable USB flash drive for Windows 10 installed on a UEFI-enabled computer using third-party software. One such program is Rufus. It is quite widespread among users and has proven itself well. It does not provide for installation on a hard drive, it is possible to use this program on devices with an uninstalled OS. Allows you to perform a wide range of operations:

  • flash the B chip IOS;
  • generate bootable flash card using ISO image of 'tens' or systems such as Linux;
  • carry out low-level formatting.

Its main drawback is the impossibility of creating a universal bootable flash card. To form a bootable flash card, the software is pre-downloaded from the developer's website. When forming a flash card for a computer with UEFI and a hard drive with MBR partitions, the procedure is as follows:

  1. Run the Rufus utility to create bootable media.
  2. Select the type of removable media in the 'Device' area.
  3. Set 'MBR for UEFI computers' in the 'Partition scheme and system interface type' area.
  4. Select 'FAT32' (default) in the 'File system' area.
  5. Select the 'ISO Image' option next to the 'Create Bootable Disc' line. Rufus program interface

    Set the parameters for creating a flash drive

  6. Click the button with the drive icon. Selecting the image to be created in the Rufus program

    Choose an ISO image

  7. Highlight the file selected for the installation of the 'tens' in the opened 'Explorer'. Selecting an ISO image in File Explorer

    In 'Explorer' select the image file to install

  8. Click the 'Start' button. Rufus 'Start' button

    Press the 'Start' key

  9. After a short period, which takes 3-7 minutes (depending on the speed and RAM of the computer), the bootable flash card will be ready.

Create a flash card only for GPT computers that support UEFI

When creating a flash card for a computer supporting UEFI with a hard drive that has a GPT boot table, you need to apply the following procedure:

  1. Run the Rufus utility to create bootable media.
  2. Select the removable media in the 'Device' area.
  3. Set the option 'GPT for UEFI computers' in the 'Partition scheme and system interface type' area.
  4. Select 'FAT32' (default) in the 'File system' area.
  5. Select the 'ISO Image' option next to the 'Create Bootable Disc' line. Rufus Utility Interface

    Swipe your settings

  6. Click the drive icon on the button. Choosing a drive in the Rufus utility

    Click on the key with the drive icon

  7. Select the file to write to the flash card in the 'Explorer' and press the 'Open' button. Selecting an image in the 'Explorer'

    Select the ISO image file and click 'Open'

  8. Click on the 'Start' button. Rufus Start Key

    Click on the 'Start' button to create a bootable flash card with the utility

  9. Wait until the bootable flash card is created.

Rufus is constantly being improved and updated by the manufacturer. The new version of the program can always be obtained on the official website of the developer.

To avoid problems with the creation of bootable media, you can resort to a more powerful recovery option 'dozens'. To do this, you need to install the system from the website Microsoft. At the end of the process, the system itself will offer to create rescue media for recovery. You need to specify in the choice of media the flash card and wait until the end of the copy creation. In case of any failures, you can restore system settings without deleting documents and installed applications. And also there is no need to reactivate the system product, so it interferes with users with a constantly pop-up reminder.

Video: how to create a bootable flash card using Rufus

How to restore a system from a USB flash drive

The most popular methods of system recovery are:

  • recovery from a flash drive using B IOS;
  • recovery from a USB flash drive using the Boot menu;
  • booting from a flash drive created during the installation process Windows 10.

System Restore with B IOS

To restore Windows 10 from a flash card via B IOS with UEFI support, you must assign boot priority in UEFI. There is a choice of initial boot for both a hard drive with MBR partitions and a hard drive with a GPT table. To assign a priority in UEFI, go to the 'Boot priority' block and set the module where the flash card with boot files Windows 10 will be installed.

  1. Downloading installation files using a UEFI flash card to a disk with MBR partitions:
    • assign the first boot module with the usual drive or flash drive icon in the UEFI start window in 'Boot Priority';
    • save changes to UEFI by pressing F10;
    • reboot and restore the top ten. Boot priority selection in UEFI B IOS Utility

      In the 'Boot Priority' block, select the desired media with the operating system boot

  2. Downloading installation files using a UEFI flash card to a hard drive with a GPT table:
    • assign the first bootable module with a disk drive or flash card icon labeled UEFI in the UEFI start window in the 'Boot priority';
    • save changes by pressing F10;
    • select the option 'UEFI – name of the flash card' in the 'Boot menu';
    • start recovery Windows 10 after reboot.

On computers with the old basic I / O system, the boot algorithm is slightly different and depends on the manufacturer of the B chip IOS. There is no fundamental difference, the only difference is in the graphic design of the window menu and the location of the boot options. To create a bootable USB drive in this case, you must do the following:

  1. Turn on your computer or laptop. Hold down the Enter B key IOS. Depending on the manufacturer, this can be any F2, F12, F2 + Fn, or Delete key. Legacy models use triple key combinations such as Ctrl + Alt + Esc.
  2. Put in B IOS the flash drive as the first bootable disk.
  3. Insert the USB flash drive into a USB port on your computer. When the installer window appears, select the language, keyboard layout, time format and click on the 'Next' button. Window 'Installation Windows'

    Set the parameters in the window and click on the 'Next' button

  4. Click on the 'System Restore' line in the lower left corner of the window with the 'Install' button centered. System Restore button

    Click on the 'System Restore' line

  5. Click on the 'Diagnostics' icon in the 'Select Action' window and then on 'Advanced Options'. Diagnostics icon in Select Action window

    In the window, click on the 'Diagnostics' icon

  6. Click on 'System Restore' in the 'Advanced Options' panel. Select the desired restore point. Click on the 'Next' button. List of restore points in the System Restore panel

    In the panel, select a restore point and click on the 'Next' button

  7. If there are no restore points, then the system will start using the bootable USB flash drive.
  8. The computer will start a system configuration restore session, which runs automatically. At the end of the recovery, a reboot will take place and the computer will be brought to a working state.

Video: booting a computer from a USB flash drive via B IOS

System recovery using the Boot menu

The boot menu is one of the functions of the basic I / O system. It allows you to configure the boot priority of devices without resorting to settings B IOS. In the Boot menu panel, you can immediately set the bootable USB flash drive as the first boot device. There is no need to enter B IOS.

Changing settings in the Boot menu does not affect settings B IOS, as changes made at boot are not saved. The next time it is turned on Windows 10, it will boot from the hard drive, as set in the settings for the basic I / O system.

Depending on the manufacturer, the Boot menu can be launched when the computer is turned on by pressing and holding the Esc, F10, F12, etc.

Button to launch the Boot menu when the computer is turned on

Press and hold the Boot Menu Launch Key

The boot menu can look different:

  • for company computers Asus; Boot menu panel of computers Asus

    In the panel, select the USB flash drive as the first boot device

  • for Hewlett Packard products; Hewlett Packard Boot Menu Bar

    Select a USB flash drive to download

  • for Laptops and Packard Bell computers. Boot Menu Bar for Packard Bell Computers

    Select the desired download option

Due to high-speed loading Windows 10, you may not have time to press the key to call the boot menu. The thing is that the 'Quick Start' option is enabled by default in the system, the shutdown does not occur completely, and the computer goes into hibernation mode.

You can change the boot option in three different ways:

  1. Press and hold the 'Shift' key while shutting down the computer. The shutdown will take place normally without going into hibernation.
  2. Do not turn off the computer, but reboot.
  3. Disable the 'Quick Launch' option. For what:
    • open the 'Control Panel' and click on the 'Power Supply' icon; The Power Options section of the Control Panel window

      In the 'Control Panel' click on the 'Power Options' icon

    • click on the line 'Actions of the power buttons'; Power Button Actions button on Power Options bar

      In the Power Options pane, click on the line Power Button Actions

    • click on the 'Change settings that are currently unavailable' icon in the 'System settings' panel; System Parameters Panel

      In the panel, click on the icon 'Change settings that are currently unavailable'

    • uncheck the 'Enable Fast Startup' option and click on the 'Save Changes' button. Disable Fast Startup

      Uncheck the 'Enable Fast Startup' option

After completing one of the options, it will be possible to open the Boot menu panel without any problems.

Video: booting a computer from a USB flash drive using the Boot menu

What problems can arise when writing an ISO image of the system to a USB flash drive and how to solve them

When writing an ISO image to a USB flash drive, various problems may arise. The 'Disk / image full' notification may constantly pop up. The reason may be:

  • lack of space for recording;
  • physical defect of the flash drive.

In this case, the best solution would be to buy a larger flash card.

The price value of new flash cards is quite low today. Therefore, buying a new USB stick will not hit your pocket hard. The main thing in this case is not to be mistaken with the choice of the manufacturer, so that you do not have to throw away the purchased media in six months.

You can also try to format the flash drive using the built-in utility. In addition, the flash drive can distort the recording results. This often happens with Chinese products. Such a USB flash drive can be thrown away immediately.

Often, Chinese flash drives are sold with a specified volume, for example, 32 gigabytes, and the working board microcircuit is designed for 4 gigabytes. Nothing can be changed here. Only in the trash can.

Well, the most unpleasant thing that can happen is the computer freezing when a flash drive is inserted into the computer connector. The reason can be anything: from a short circuit in the connector to a system malfunction due to the inability to identify a new device. In this case, the easiest way is to use another USB flash drive to test the functionality.

System restore using a bootable flash drive is used only when serious failures and errors occur in the system. Most often, such problems appear when downloading and installing various programs or game applications on a computer from unverified sites. Along with the software, malicious programs can also enter the system, which cause problems in operation. Another spread of viruses is pop-up advertising offers, for example, to play a mini-game. The result of such a game can be disastrous. Most free antivirus programs do not react to ad files in any way and calmly let them into the system. Therefore, it is necessary to be very careful when approaching unfamiliar programs and sites, so as not to engage in the recovery process later.

Rate article
Information portal NTN24enlaweb.com - Ratings and reviews of goods.
Add a comment