Windows XP is one of the most popular and stable operating systems. Despite the new versions Windows 7, 8, many users continue to work in XP, in their favorite OS.
This article will take a closer look at the installation process Windows XP. This article is a step-by-step guide.
And so … let's go.
1. Minimum system requirements and versions of XP
In general, the main XP versions that I would like to highlight are 2: Home (home) and Pro (professional). For a simple home computer, it makes no difference which version you choose. Much more important is how many bit systems will be chosen.
That is why pay attention to the amount of RAM in your computer. If you have 4 GB or more – choose the version Windows x64, if less than 4 GB – it is better to install x86.
There is no point in explaining the essence of x64 and x86, since most users do not need this. The only important thing is that the OS Windows XP x86 will not be able to work with more than 3 GB of RAM. Those. whether you have at least 6 GB on your computer, at least 12 GB – it will only see 3!
My computer is at Windows XP
Minimum hardware requirements for installation Windows XP.
- Pentium 233 MHz processor or faster (300 MHz minimum recommended)
- At least 64 MB of RAM (at least 128 MB recommended)
- At least 1.5 GB of free hard disk space
- CD / DVD drive
- Keyboard, Mouse Microsoft Mouse or compatible pointing device
- Video card and monitor that support Super VGA mode with a resolution of at least 800 × 600 dots
- Sound card
- Speakers or headphones
2. What you need to install
1) We need an installation disc with Windows XP, or an image of such a disc (usually in ISO format). Such a disc can be downloaded, taken from a friend, bought, etc. You also need a serial number, which you will need to enter when installing the OS. This is best taken care of in advance rather than running around looking during installation.
2) UltraISO program (one of the best programs for working with ISO images).
3) The computer on which we will install XP must open and read flash drives. Check in advance so that it does not happen that he does not see the flash drive.
4) Normal working flash drive, at least 1 GB in volume.
5) Drivers for your computer (will be needed after installing the OS). I recommend using the latest tips in this article: https://pcpro100.info/kak-iskat-drayvera/.
6) Straight arms …
It seems like this is enough to install XP.
3. Creating a bootable USB drive Windows XP
This item will detail all the steps in steps.
1) We copy all the data from the flash drive that we need (because all data on it will be formatted, i.e. deleted)!
2) Run the Ultra ISO program and open the image with Windowx XP in it ('file / open').
3) Select the item for recording the hard disk image.
4) Next, select the 'USB-HDD' recording method and press the write button. It will take about 5-7 minutes and the bootable USB stick will be ready. Wait for a successful record of the completion of the recording, otherwise, errors may occur during the installation process.
4. Bios settings for booting from a USB flash drive
To start the installation from a USB flash drive, you must first enable the USB-HDD check in the Bios settings for boot records.
To enter Bios, when you turn on the computer, you need to press the Del or F2 button (depending on the PC). Usually on the welcome screen, you are told which button is used to enter the Bios settings.
In general, you should see a blue screen with many settings. We need to find the boot settings ('Boot').
Let's see how to do this in a couple of different Bios versions. By the way, if your Bios is different – it's okay, tk. all menus are very similar.
Go to the 'Advanced Bios Featured' settings.
Here you should pay attention to the lines: 'First boot Device' and 'Second Boot Device'. Translated into Russian: the first boot device and the second. Those. this is a priority, first the PC will check the first device for boot records, if there are records, it will boot, if not, it will start checking the second device.
We need to place the USB-HDD item (i.e. our flash drive) in the first device. This is very easy to do: press Enter and select the option you want.
Place our hard disk 'HDD-0' in the second boot device. Actually, that's all …
Important! You need to exit Bios while saving the settings made. Select this item (Save and Exit) and answer yes.
The computer should reboot, and if the flash drive is already inserted into the USB, the boot from the flash drive will start, installation Windows XP.
For laptops (In this case, a laptop of the company Acer was used), the Bios settings are even clearer and clearer.
First, go to the 'Boot' section. We just need to move the USB HDD (by the way, note that in the picture below the laptop has already read the name of the flash drive 'Silicon power') to the very top, to the first line. This can be done by moving the pointer to the desired device (USB-HDD), and then press the F6 button.
To start installing WIndows XP, you should have something similar. Those. in the first line there is a check of the flash drive for the presence of boot data, if any, it will be loaded from them!
Now go to the 'Exit' item, and select the exit line with saving the settings ('Exit Saving Chanes'). the laptop will reboot and start checking the flash drive, if it is already inserted, the installation will start …
5. Installation Windows XP from a USB flash drive
Insert the USB stick into your PC and restart it. If everything was done correctly in the previous steps, the installation should start Windows XP. There is nothing more complicated, just follow the advice in the installer program.
We'd better dwell on the most common installation problems.
1) Do not remove the USB flash drive until the end of the installation, and just do not touch or touch it! Otherwise, an error will occur and the installation will most likely have to start over!
2) Very often there are problems with Sata drivers. If you have Sata disks in your computer, you need to write the image to a USB flash drive with embedded Sata drivers! Otherwise, the installation will fail and you will see a blue screen with incomprehensible 'scribbles and mackerel'. When you start the reinstallation, the same will happen. Therefore, if you see such an error, check if the drivers are 'embedded' into your image (In order to add these drivers to the image, you can use the nLite utility, but I think for many it is easier to download the image in which they have already been added).
3) Many are lost when installing in the hard disk formatting point. Formatting is deleting all information from a disk (exaggerated). Usually, a hard disk is divided into two partitions, one for installing the operating system, the other for user data. More details about formatting here: https: //pcpro100.info/kak-formatirovat-zhestkiy-disk/
In this article, we went over in detail the process of writing a bootable USB flash drive for installation Windows XP.
The main programs for recording a USB flash drive: UltraISO, WinToFlash, WinSetupFromUSB. One of the simplest and most convenient is UltraISO.
Before installation, you need to configure Bios by changing the boot priority: move USB-HDD to the first boot line, HDD to the second.
The installation process itself Windows XP (if the installer is running) is quite simple. If your PC meets the minimum requirements, you took the image from a working one and from a reliable source, then, as a rule, problems do not arise. The most common ones were dismantled.