A solid-state drive SSD differs in its properties and method of operation from a hard disk drive, but the installation process Windows 10 on it will not differ much, a noticeable difference is only in preparing the computer.
- Preparing the disk and computer for installation
- PC presetting
- Switch to SATA mode
- Preparing installation media
- Installation process Windows 10 on SSD
- Video tutorial: how to install Windows 10 on an SSD
Preparing the disk and computer for installation
Owners of SSD drives know that in previous OS versions, for correct, durable and full-fledged disk operation, it was necessary to manually change the system settings: disable defragmentation, some functions, hibernation, built-in antiviruses, swap file and change a few other parameters. But in Windows 10 the developers took into account these shortcomings, all the disk settings are now performed by the system itself.
Especially it is necessary to dwell on defragmentation: it used to badly harm the disk, but in the new OS it works differently, without harming the SSD, but optimizing it, so you should not disable automatic defragmentation. The same is with the rest of the functions – in Windows 10 you do not need to configure the operation of the system with the disk manually, everything is already done for you.
The only thing, when splitting a disk into partitions, it is recommended to leave 10-15% of its total volume as unallocated space. This will not increase its performance, the write speed will remain the same, but the lifespan may slightly extend. But remember, most likely, the disk will last longer than you need without additional settings. You can free up free interest both during installation Windows 10 (during the process in the instructions below we will dwell on this), and after it using system utilities or third-party programs.
In order to install Windows on an SSD drive, you need to switch the computer to AHCI mode and make sure that the motherboard supports the SATA 3.0 interface. Information about whether SATA 3.0 is supported or not can be found on the official website of the company that developed your motherboard or using third-party programs such as HWINFO (http://www.hwinfo.com/download32.html).
Switch to SATA mode
- Turn off your computer.
Turn off the computer
- As soon as the power-on process begins, press the special key on the keyboard to go to B IOS. Typically the Delete, F2 or other hotkeys are used. Which one will be used in your case will be written in a special footnote during the inclusion process.
We enter B IOS
- Interface B IOS will be different in different motherboard models, but the principle of switching to AHCI mode on each of them is almost identical. First go to the 'Settings' section. Use the mouse or arrows with the Enter button to move through blocks and points.
Go to settings B IOS
- Navigate to Advanced Settings B IOS.
Go to the 'Advanced' section
- Navigate to the 'Onboard Peripherals' sub-item.
We pass to the sub-item 'Built-in peripheral devices'
- In the 'SATA Configuration' block, find the port to which your SSD is connected and press Enter on your keyboard.
Changing the SATA configuration mode
- Select the AHCI operating mode. Perhaps it will already be selected by default, but you had to make sure of this. Save your settings in B IOS and exit, boot your computer to proceed to prepare the installation media.
Selecting AHCI mode
Preparing installation media
If you already have a ready-made installation disc, you can skip this step and immediately proceed with installing the OS. If you don't have one, then you need a USB stick with at least 4 GB of memory. The creation of an installation program on it will look like this:
- Insert the USB flash drive and wait for the computer to recognize it. We open the explorer.
Opening the explorer
- The first step is to format it. This is done for two reasons: the memory of the flash drive must be completely empty and split in the format we need. Being on the main page of the explorer, right-click on the flash drive and select the 'Format' item in the menu that opens.
We start formatting the flash drive
- We select the NTFS formatting mode and start the operation, which can last up to ten minutes. Please note that all data stored on the formatted media will be permanently erased.
Select NTFS mode and start formatting
- Go to the official page Windows 10 (https://www.microsoft.com/ru-ru/software-download/windows10) and download the installation tool.
Download the installation tool
- Launch the downloaded program. We read and accept the license agreement.
We accept the license agreement
- Select the second item 'Create installation media', as this installation method Windows is more reliable, because you can start all over at any time, and also in the future use the created installation media to install the OS on other computers.
We select the option 'Create installation media for another computer'
- Select the system language, version and bit depth. You need to take the version that suits you best. If you are a regular user, then you should not load the system with unnecessary functions that will never be useful to you, install the home one Windows. The bit depth depends on how many cores your processor is running: one (32) or two (64). Information about the processor can be found in the properties of the computer or on the official website of the company that developed the processor.
Choosing the version, bit depth and language
- In the media selection, check the USB device option.
We mark that we want to create a USB-stick
- Select the flash drive from which the installation media will be created.
Choosing a USB flash drive to create installation media
- We are waiting for the media creation process to finish.
We are waiting for the end of the media creation
- Reboot your computer without removing the media.
Restart your computer
- During switching on, we enter B IOS.
Press the Del key to enter B IOS
- Changing the boot order of the computer: in the first place should be your flash drive, not the hard disk, so that when you turn on the computer starts to boot from it and, accordingly, starts the installation process Windows.
We put the USB flash drive in the first place in the order of the system boot
Installation process Windows 10 on SSD
- Installation begins with the choice of language, set the Russian language in all lines.
Select the installation language, time format and input method
- Confirm that you want to start the installation.
Click on the 'Install' button
- Read and accept the license agreement.
We read and accept the license agreement
- You may be asked to enter a license key. If you have it, then enter it, if not, then skip this step for now, activate the system after installing it.
Skip the activation step Windows
- Proceed to manual installation, as this method will allow you to configure disk partitions.
Choosing a manual installation method
- A window will open with the configuration of disk partitions, click on the 'Disk Configuration' button.
Click the 'Disk Setup' button
- If you are installing the system for the first time, then all the memory of the SSD drive will not be allocated. Otherwise, you need to select one of the partitions for installation and format it. Divide the unallocated memory or existing disks as follows: allocate more than 40 GB to the main disk on which the OS will be installed, so that in the future it will not be clogged, leave 10-15% of the total disk memory unallocated (if memory is already allocated, delete partitions and start forming them anew), we give all the remaining memory for an additional partition (usually disk D) or partitions (disks E, F, G …). Don't forget to format the main OS partition.
Create, delete and reallocate disk partitions
- To start the installation, select the drive and click the 'Next' button.
Click the 'Next' button
- Wait for the system to install in automatic mode. The process can take more than ten minutes, in any case do not interrupt it. After the end of the procedure, the creation of an account and the installation of the main parameters of the system will begin, follow the instructions on the screen and select the settings for yourself.
Wait for Windows 10 to install
Video tutorial: how to install Windows 10 on an SSD
Installing Windows 10 on an SSD is no different from the same process with an HDD. Most importantly, do not forget to enable ACHI mode in settings B IOS. After installing the system, you do not need to configure the disk, the system will do it for you.