Fraudsters constantly come up with more and more ways to 'divorce' gullible citizens. One of the most common methods is sending messages with fake winnings for iPhones, household appliances, cars or cash.
What a winning message might look like
You receive a message about a wonderful drawing of valuable prizes, for example, a brand new iPhone, by e-mail, in social networks or by SMS.
The letter must contain information about the paid delivery of the prize (usually it costs several hundred rubles), but the 'manager' easily makes a discount only to you. Of course, 700-800 rubles for a brand new iPhone is a very tiny amount.
The scammers try to make the person believe them, so they promise to send the real data of the manager and throw off the link to the reviews of other lucky ones who have already received the prize. Another important sign of a 'divorce' is the limited time to receive the winnings (only a few hours). Attackers want the victim to transfer money as quickly as possible and not have time to think about their actions.
What is the essence of divorce
Naturally, when you transfer money for the 'delivery' of the prize, the attackers will immediately stop contacting you. Nobody will receive any promised iPhone. It would seem that 700-800 rubles is not very much, but for most people, the loss of even such an amount will become sensitive. In this way, fraudsters can lure out hundreds of thousands of rubles, and if at least 1000 people are caught in their trick, the thieves will enrich themselves by almost a million.
Another common way to 'receive' a prize is to call a short number or send an SMS to confirm your identity. This method looks much more reliable, because all kinds of services and sites really ask for a confirmation code when registering or taking any action. But as soon as the victim makes a call, money will be immediately debited from her account.
Attackers may ask you for a confirmation code that the bank sends. In no case should this be done: by providing the code, you are actually giving your bank card into the wrong hands, so do not be surprised if all funds are debited from it.
Finally, when an email is sent to you, it often contains a link to some third party site. Fraudsters assure that by following the link you will be able to familiarize yourself with the detailed conditions of the promotion and receipt of the prize. In fact, after following the link, you 'catch' the virus. At best, it will serve ads; at worst, it will steal payment information that you enter on various sites.
The main recommendation when receiving a message about a 'win' is not to react to it in any way, because free cheese is only in a mousetrap.