If your eyes get tired when working at a computer, it is quite possible that one of the possible reasons is not optimal monitor settings (I also recommend that you familiarize yourself with this article: https://pcpro100.info/ustayut-glaza-pri-rabote- za-pc /).
Moreover, I think, many people noticed this if you work not at one monitor, but at several: why can you work with one of them for hours, and after another half an hour later – do you feel that it's time to quit and give your eyes a rest? The question is rhetorical, but the conclusions suggest themselves (just one of them is not configured accordingly) …
In this article, I want to touch on the most important monitor settings that affect our health. So…
1. Screen resolution
The first thing I recommend paying attention to is the screen resolution. The fact is that if it is not 'native' (that is, the one for which the monitor is designed), then the picture will not be so clear (which will make your eyes strain).
The easiest way to check it is to go to the resolution settings: on the desktop, press the right mouse button and in the pop-up context menu go to the display settings (in Windows 10 so, in other OS versions Windows – the procedure is done in the same way, the difference will be in the name of the line: instead of 'Screen parameters', there will be, for example, 'Properties')
Next, in the window that opens, open the 'Advanced display settings' link.
Then you will see a list of resolutions your monitor supports. One of them will have the word 'Recommended' added – this is the optimal resolution for the monitor, which should be chosen in most cases (it is this that provides the best picture clarity).
By the way, some people deliberately choose a lower resolution so that the elements on the screen are larger. It's better not to do this, the font can be increased in Windows or the browser, various elements can also be increased in Windows. At the same time, the picture will be much clearer and looking at it, your eyes will not strain so much.
Also pay attention to the accompanying parameters (this subsection next to the choice of resolution, if you have Windows 10). With the help of adjustment tools: color calibration, ClearType text, changing the text size and other elements – you can achieve a high-quality picture on the screen (for example, make the font BIGGER). I recommend opening each of them in turn and choosing the optimal settings.
You can also select the resolution in the driver settings for your video card (for example, in Intel – this is the 'Basic settings' tab).
Resolution setting in drivers Intel
Why might there not be a choice of resolution?
Quite a common problem, especially on older computers (laptops). The fact is that in new operating systems Windows (7, 8, 10) during installation, most often, a universal driver for your hardware will be selected and installed. Those. you may not have some functions, but it will perform the main functions: for example, you can easily change the resolution.
But if you have an older OS Windows or 'rare' hardware, it may happen that universal drivers will not be installed. In this case, as a rule, there will be no choice of resolution (and many other parameters too: for example, brightness, contrast, etc.).
In this case, first find the drivers for your monitor and video card, and then proceed with the settings. To help you, I will give a link to an article on the best programs for finding drivers:
https://pcpro100.info/obnovleniya-drayverov/— driver update in 1-2 mouse clicks!
2. Brightness and contrast
Perhaps this is the second parameter when setting up a monitor that you need to check so that your eyes do not get tired.
It is very difficult to give definite figures for brightness and contrast. The fact is that it depends on several reasons at once:
– on the type of your monitor (more precisely, on what matrix it is built on). Comparison of matrix types: https://pcpro100.info/tip-matrits-zhk-lcd-tft-monitorov/;
– from the lighting of the room in which the PC is located: so in a dark room, the brightness and contrast should be reduced, and in a light room – on the contrary, increased.
The higher the brightness and contrast at low light levels, the more the eyes begin to strain and the faster they get tired.
How do I change brightness and contrast?
1) The easiest way (and at the same time the best) to adjust the brightness, contrast, gamma, color depth, etc. parameters is to go to the settings of your driver for the video card. Regarding the driver (if you do not have it :)) – I gave the link above in the article on how to find it.
For example, in drivers Intel – just go to the display settings – the section 'Color settings' (screenshot below).
Adjusting the screen color
2) Adjust brightness through the control panel
You can also adjust the brightness through the power section in the control panel Windows (for example, a laptop screen).
First, open the control panel at the following address: Control Panel \ Hardware and Sound \ Power. Next, go to the settings of the selected power scheme (screenshot below).
Then you can adjust the brightness: from the battery and from the mains.
By the way, laptops also have special buttons for adjusting brightness. For example, on a DELL laptop, this is a combination of Fn + F11 or Fn + F12.
function buttons on an HP laptop to adjust brightness.
3. Refresh rate (in Hz)
I think veteran PC users have understood large, wide CRT monitors. Now they are not used very often, but still …
The fact is that if you use such a monitor, pay close attention to the refresh rate (sweep), measured in Hz.
Standard CRT Monitor
Refresh rate: This parameter shows how many times per second the image will be shown on the screen. For example, 60 Hz. – this is a low indicator for this type of monitors, when working at such a frequency, the eyes get tired quickly, since the picture on the monitor is not clear (if you look closely, you can even notice horizontal stripes: they run from top to bottom).
My advice: if you have such a monitor, set the refresh rate to at least 85 Hz. (for example, by reducing the resolution). It is very important! I also recommend installing some program that shows the refresh rate in games (since many of them change the default frequency).
If you have a LCD / LCD monitor, then the technology for constructing a picture is different in them, and even 60 Hz. – provide a comfortable picture.
How do I change the refresh rate?
It's simple: the refresh rate is configured in the drivers for your video card. By the way, you may also need to update the drivers for your monitor (for example, if Windows 'does not see' all possible operating modes of your equipment).
How to change the refresh rate
4. Location of the monitor: viewing angle, distance to eyes, etc.
Several factors play a very important role in fatigue (and not only the eye): how we sit at the computer (and on what), how the monitor is located, the configuration of the table, etc. The picture in the topic is presented below (in principle, everything is shown on it 100%).
How to sit at the PC correctly
Here are some important tips:
- if you spend a lot of time at the computer, spare some money and buy a comfortable chair on wheels with a back (and with armrests). It becomes much easier to work and fatigue does not accumulate so quickly;
- the distance from the eyes to the monitor should be at least 50 cm. – if you are not comfortable working at this distance, then change the theme, increase the fonts, etc. (in the browser, you can press the Ctrl and + buttons simultaneously). B Windows – all these settings are done very easily and quickly;
- Do not place the monitor above eye level: if you take a regular desk and put a monitor on it, this will be one of the best options for placing it. Thus, you will look at the monitor at an angle of 25-30%, which will have a positive effect on your neck and posture (will not get tired at the end of the day);
- do not use any uncomfortable computer tables (nowadays many make mini-racks in which everything simply hangs on top of each other).
5. Indoor lighting.
Has a great impact on the usability of the computer. In this subsection of the article I will give some tips, which I follow myself:
- it is highly advisable not to place the monitor so that it is exposed to direct sunlight from a window. Because of them, the picture becomes dull, the eyes strain, begin to get tired (which is not good). If you can't put the monitor in another way, then use curtains, for example;
- the same applies to glare (the same sun or some light sources leave them);
- it is advisable not to work in the dark: the room must be lit. If there is a problem with the lighting in the room: install a small table lamp so that it can evenly shine the entire surface of the desktop;
- one last tip: dust the monitor.
That's all for this. For the additions – as always, thanks in advance. Do not forget to take a break when working at a PC – it also helps to relax your eyes, as a result, they get tired less. Better to work 2 times for 45 minutes with a break than 90 minutes. without it.