System registry – it is in it Windows that stores all data about the settings and parameters of the system as a whole, and individual programs in particular.
And, quite often, in case of errors, failures, virus attacks, fine tuning and optimization Windows, you have to go into this very system registry. In my articles, I myself repeatedly write about changing some parameter in the registry, deleting a branch, or something else (now you can refer to this article :)) …
In this reference article, I want to give some simple ways to open the registry editor in operating systems Windows: 7, 8, 10. So …
- 1. How to enter the registry: several ways
- 1.1. Through the window 'Run' / line 'Open'
- 1.2. Through the search bar: starting the registry as an administrator
- 1.3. Create a shortcut to launch Registry Editor
- 2. How to open the registry editor if it is locked
- 3. How to create a branch and parameter in the registry
1. How to enter the registry: several ways
1.1. Through the window 'Run' / line 'Open'
This method is good because it always works almost flawlessly (even if there are problems with the explorer, if the START menu does not work, etc.).
In Windows 7, 8, 10, to open the 'Run' line – just press the combination of Win + R buttons (Win is a button on the keyboard with an icon, as in this icon: ).
Figure: 1. Entering the regedit command
Then just enter the regedit command in the 'Open' line and press the Enter button (see Fig. 1). The registry editor should open (see fig. 2).
Figure: 2. Registry editor
Note! By the way, I want to recommend you an article with a list of commands for the Run window. The article contains several dozen of the most necessary commands (when restoring and configuring Windows, fine tuning and optimizing a PC) – https://pcpro100.info/vyipolnit-spisok-comand/
1.2. Through the search bar: starting the registry as an administrator
First, open a regular explorer (well, for example, just open any folder on any drive :)).
1) In the menu on the left (see Fig. 3 below), select the system hard disk on which you have the OS installed Windows – it is usually labeled special. icon: .
2) Next, enter regedit in the search box, then press ENTER to start the search.
3) Next, among the results found, pay attention to the 'regedit' file with an address like 'C: \ Windows' – and you need to open it (everything is illustrated in Fig. 3).
Figure: 3. Finding a link to the registry editor
By the way, in fig. 4 shows how to start the editor as administrator (for this you need to right-click on the found link and select the corresponding item in the menu).
Figure: 4. Run the registry editor from the admin!
1.3. Create a shortcut to launch Registry Editor
Why look for a shortcut to launch when you can create one yourself ?!
To create a shortcut, right-click anywhere on the desktop and select from the context menu: 'New / Shortcut' (as in Fig. 5).
Figure: 5. Create a shortcut
Next, specify REGEDIT in the object location line; the name of the shortcut can also be left as REGEDIT.
Figure: 6. Create a shortcut to launch the registry.
By the way, the shortcut itself, after creation, will not become faceless, but with the icon of the registry editor – i.e. it is clear what will be opened after clicking on it (see fig. 8) …
Figure: 8. Shortcut to launch the registry editor
2. How to open the registry editor if it is locked
In some cases, it is impossible to enter the system registry (at least in the ways described above :)). For example, this can happen if you have undergone a virus infection and the virus managed to block the registry editor …
What to do in this case?
I recommend using the AVZ utility: it can not only check your computer for viruses, but also restore Windows: for example, unblock the system registry, restore Explorer, browser settings, clear the Hosts file, and much more.
Official website: http://z-oleg.com/secur/avz/download.php
To restore and unlock the registry, after starting the program, open the File / System Restore menu (as in Fig. 9).
Figure: 9. AVZ: Menu File / System Restore
Next, select the checkbox 'Unlock the registry editor' and press the button 'Perform marked operations' (as in Fig. 10).
Figure: 10. Unlock the system registry
In most cases, such a recovery allows you to enter the registry in the usual way (described in the first part of the article).
Note! You can also open the registry editor in AVZ by going to the menu: service / system utilities / Regedit – registry editor.
If what is described above did not help you, I recommend that you read the article about OS recovery Windows – https://pcpro100.info/kak-vosstanovit-windows-7/
3. How to create a branch and parameter in the registry
When they say to open the registry and go to such and such a branch … many are simply confused (we are talking about novice users). A branch is an address, a path that you need to go through folders (green arrow in Fig. 9).
Example registry branch: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Classes \ exefile \ shell \ open \ command
The parameter is the settings that are in the branches. To create a parameter, just go to the desired folder, then right click and create the parameter with the desired settings.
By the way, the parameters can be different (pay attention to this when you create or edit them): string, binary, DWORD, QWORD, Multi-string, etc.
Figure: 9 Branch and parameter
The main sections in the registry:
- HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT – data about registered in Windows file types;
- HKEY_CURRENT_USER – settings of the user logged into Windows;
- HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE – settings related to PC, laptop;
- HKEY_USERS – settings for all users registered in Windows;
- HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG – hardware settings data.
On this my mini-instruction is certified. Happy work!