How to create and manage a Network Neighborhood in Windows 7

The local network consists of workstations, peripheral products and switching modules, connected by separate wires. The high-speed exchange and the amount of data transmitted in the networks are determined by the switching module, which can be used as routing devices or switches. The number of workstations in the network is determined by the presence of ports used for connection on the switching device. Local area networks are used within one organization and are limited to a small area. Peer-to-peer networks are distinguished, which are advisable to use when there are two or three computers in the office, and networks with a dedicated server that has centralized control. Effective use of a computer network allows the creation of a network environment based on Windows 7.

Content

  • How Network Neighborhood Works on Windows 7: Building and Using
    • Find Network Neighborhood on Windows 7
  • How to create
  • How to setup
    • Video: setting up a network in Windows 7
    • How to check the connection
    • Video: how Internet access is checked
    • What to do if Network Neighborhood is not displayed Windows 7
    • Why do not the properties of the network environment open
    • Why computers disappear in a networked environment and how to fix it
    • Video: what to do when workstations are not displayed on the network
    • How to grant access to workstations
    • Steps to hide the network neighborhood

How Network Neighborhood Works on Windows 7: Building and Using

Currently, it is impossible to imagine an office, institution or large organization in which all computers and peripherals are connected into a single computer network. As a rule, this network works only within the organization and serves to exchange information between employees. Such a network is of limited use and is called an intranet.

An intranet or in another way called an intranet is a closed internal network of an enterprise or institution that works using the Internet protocol TCP / IP (protocols for transferring information).

A well-designed intranet does not require a permanent software engineer; it is sufficient to carry out periodic preventive inspections of equipment and software. All breakdowns and malfunctions in the intranet are reduced to a few standard ones. In the overwhelming majority of cases, the intranet architecture makes it easy to find out the cause of a breakdown and eliminate it according to a previously developed algorithm.

Network Neighborhood Windows 7 is a system component whose icon can be presented on the desktop during initial setup, after installing the operating system on a laptop or computer. Using the graphical interface of this component, you can view the presence of workstations on the local intranet and their configuration. To view workstations in the intranet created on the basis of Windows 7, check their readiness to transmit and receive information, as well as basic settings, the Network Neighborhood snap-in was developed.

This option makes it possible to view the names of specific workstations on the intranet, network addresses, differentiate user access rights, fine-tune the intranet and correct errors that occur during network operation.

An intranet can be created in two different ways:

  • “star” – all workstations are directly connected to a router or network switch; 'Star' scheme

    All computers are connected directly to the communication device

  • “ring” – all workstations are connected in series with each other using two network cards.

    Scheme 'Ring'

    Computers are connected using network cards

Find Network Neighborhood on Windows 7

Finding your network environment is a fairly straightforward process and is done the first time a workstation is connected to an existing office or enterprise intranet.

To search for a network environment in Windows 7, you need to perform a number of steps according to the given algorithm:

  1. On the 'Desktop' double click on the 'Network' shortcut. 'Desktop'

    On the 'Desktop' double click on the 'Network' icon

  2. In the panel that opens, define from which workstations the local intranet was created. Click on the 'Network and Sharing Center' tab. Panel 'Network'

    In the network panel, click the 'Network and Sharing Center' tab

  3. In the 'Network and Sharing Center' enter the 'Change adapter settings' tab.

    Network and Sharing Center panel

    In the panel, select 'Change adapter parameters'

  4. In the 'Network Connections' snap-in, select the current one. Panel 'Network connections'

    Determine the created network

After completing these operations, we determine the number of workstations, the name of the intranet and the configuration of workstations.

How to create

Before setting up an intranet, the length of a twisted-pair wire is calculated to connect workstations to a wired router or network switch, and measures are taken to prepare communication lines, including crimping connectors and pulling network wires from workplaces to a network multiplier.

A local intranet, as a rule, combines workstations located in an apartment, office or enterprise. The communication channel is provided through a wired connection or using a wireless connection (Wi-Fi).

When creating a computer intranet using wireless communication channels (Wi-Fi), workstations are configured using the software supplied with the router.

Wi-Fi is not decrypted in any way, contrary to popular belief. This name is not an abbreviation and was coined to attract the attention of consumers, playing on the phrase Hi-Fi (from the English High Fidelity – high accuracy).

When using wired communication channels, a connection is made to the LAN connectors of the computer and the network switch. If the intranet is built using network cards, then the workstations are connected in a ring scheme, and on one of them a certain space is allocated, intended for creating a shared network drive.

For the intranet to function fully, it is necessary that each workstation be able to exchange packets of information with all other intranet stations. To do this, each subject on the intranet needs a name and a unique network address.

How to setup

Upon completion of the connection of workstations and structuring into a united intranet, individual connection parameters are configured on each segment in order to create conditions for the correct operation of devices.

The main link in setting up the configuration of stations is the creation of a unique network address. You can start configuring an intranet from a randomly selected workstation. When setting up the configuration, you can apply the following step-by-step instructions algorithm:

  1. Go to the service 'Network and Sharing Center'. 'Network and Sharing Center'

    In the panel on the left, select 'Change adapter settings'

  2. Click on the 'Change adapter parameters' tab.
  3. The panel that opens will display the connections available on the workstation. Network connections

    In network connections, select the required

  4. Select the connection you have chosen to use for intranet packet exchange.
  5. Right-click on the connection and click the 'Properties' line in the drop-down menu. Connection menu

    In the connection menu, click the 'Properties' line

  6. In the 'Properties of connections' mark the element 'Internet Protocol version 4' and click the button 'Properties'. Choice of connection components

    In the network properties, select the component 'Internet Protocol version 4 (TCP / IPv4) and press the' Properties' button

  7. In the 'Properties of the protocol …' switch the value to the line 'Use the following IP address' and enter the value 192.168.0.1 in the 'IP address'.
  8. In the 'Subnet mask' enter the value – 255.255.255.0. Panel 'Protocol Properties ...'

    In the 'Protocol Properties …' panel, enter the values ​​of the IP address and subnet mask

  9. After completing the configuration, press the OK button.

We carry out the same operations with all workstations on the intranet. The difference between the addresses will be in the final digit of the IP address, which makes it unique. You can set the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and more.

Workstations will have access to the Internet if certain values ​​are entered in the parameters 'Default gateway' and 'DNS server'. The addressing used for the gateway and DNS server must match the address of a workstation that has Internet access rights. The parameters of the Internet station indicate permission for the right to connect to the Internet for other workstations.

In a network created on the basis of radio communication channels, the values ​​of the gateway and DNS server are identical to the unique address of the Wi-Fi router, which is installed to work on the Internet.

When connected to an intranet Windows 7, it offers to select options for its location:

  • 'Home network' – for workstations in the house or apartment;
  • 'Enterprise Network' – for institutions or factories;
  • 'Public network' – for train stations, hotels or subways.

Choosing one of the options affects the network settings Windows 7. The selected option depends on how permissive and restrictive measures will be applied for workstations connecting to the intranet.

Video: setting up a network in Windows 7

Immediately after configuration, all intranet segments are verified to be connected correctly.

How to check the connection

Whether the connection is correct or not is checked using the ping utility built into Windows 7. This requires:

  1. Go to the Run panel in the Accessories service of the Start key menu.

    Until now, the most reliable way to check whether a computer is connected to the network is to use pinging between workstations. A small ping utility was developed for the very first networks operating in the environment of a disk-operating system, but it still has not lost its relevance.

  2. In the 'Open' field use the ping command. Run panel

    In the panel 'Run' enter the command 'Ping'

  3. The 'Administrator: Command Line' console will start, allowing you to work with DOS commands.
  4. Enter a unique address of the workstation separated by a space, the connection with which will be checked and press the Enter key. Console 'Administrator: Command Line'

    In the console, enter the IP address of the checked computer

  5. Communication is considered to be working correctly if the console displays information about sending and receiving IP packets of information without loss.
  6. If there are any failures in the connection of ports, the console displays the warnings 'Timed out' or 'Specified host unavailable'. Admin console

    Communication between workstations does not work

The same check is done with all workstations on the intranet. This allows you to identify connection errors and begin troubleshooting them.

In most cases, the lack of communication between workstations in one area, for example, in an office or in a house, is due to the fault of users and is of a mechanical nature. This can be a kink or a broken wire connecting the switching device and the workstation, or poor contact of the connector with the network port of the computer or switch. If the network operates between the offices of the institution in different localities, then the inaccessibility of the node is most likely due to the fault of the organization serving long-distance communication lines.

Video: how Internet access is checked

There are situations when the intranet is fully configured and has access to the Internet, and the network environment is not reflected in the graphical interface. In this case, you need to find and fix the error in the settings.

What to do if Network Neighborhood is not displayed Windows 7

The easiest way to fix the error:

  1. In the 'Control Panel' click on the 'Administration' icon. Control Panel

    In the 'Control Panel' select the 'Administration' section

  2. In the 'Administration' click on the 'Local Security Policy' tab. Administration

    We select the item 'Local security policy'

  3. In the panel that opens, click on the directory 'Network List Manager Policy'. Local security policy

    Select the item 'Network List Manager Policy'

  4. In the 'Policy …' directory, expand the network name 'Identify networks'. Network List Manager Policy folder

    In the folder, select the item 'Network identification'

  5. We translate the 'Location Type' to the 'General' position. Properties panel: Identify networks

    In the panel, put the switch in the 'General' position

  6. We reboot the workstation.

After rebooting, the intranet is visible.

Why do not the properties of the network environment open

Properties may not open for various reasons. One way to fix the error:

  1. Start the registry Windows 7 by entering the regedit command in the Run panel of the Standard service of the Start key menu. Entering the command to start the registry Windows 7

    In the 'Open' field, enter the regedit command

  2. In the registry, go to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM \ CurrentControlSet \ Control \ Network branch.
  3. Remove Config parameter. Registry editor

    In the registry editor, delete the Config parameter

  4. To restart a computer.

You can also make a new network connection and delete the old one. But this does not always lead to the desired result.

Why computers disappear in a networked environment and how to fix it

There are local intranet problems when all computers ping and open by IP address, but not a single workstation icon is present on the network.

To eliminate the error, you need to follow a series of simple steps:

  1. In the Open box of the Run panel, type msconfig.
  2. Go in the 'System Configuration' panel to the 'Services' tab and uncheck the 'Computer Browser' service. Press the 'Apply' button. System Configuration Panel

    In the panel, uncheck the box next to the Computer Browser

  3. Enable 'Computer Browser' on other workstations.
  4. Turn off all workstations and unplug them.
  5. Turn on all workstations. Turn on the server or switching device last.

Video: what to do when workstations are not displayed on the network

Workstations may not be visible also due to the fact that different versions are installed on different stations Windows. The intranet structure can be created from workstations based on Windows 7 and part of stations operating on the basis Windows XP. Stations will determine the presence of analogs with another system on the intranet if the same network name is specified for all segments. When creating directory sharing Windows 7, you must set 40-bit or 56-bit encryption, not the default 128-bit. This ensures that 7 computers are guaranteed to see workstations with Windows XP installed.

How to grant access to workstations

When providing resources on an intranet, care must be taken to ensure that access to them is only authorized for those users who are actually allowed to do so.

One of the easiest ways is to set up a username and password. If the password is unknown, then you cannot connect to the resource. This method is not very convenient for network identification.

Windows 7 provides another way to protect information from unauthorized access. To do this, the sharing of network resources is established, where it is indicated that they will be provided to registered groups. Registration and verification of the rights of a group member rests with the program that manages the intranet.

To set up password-free access to workstations, the 'Guest' account is activated and certain rights are granted to ensure the operation of network drives.

  1. To activate your account, click on the 'User Accounts' icon in the 'Control Panel'. Click on the 'Manage another account' tab. User accounts

    In the snap-in, click on the line 'Manage another account'

  2. Click the 'Guest' account key and the 'Enable' key to activate it. Account to change

    Turn on the 'Guest' account

  3. Configure access rights to the workstation intranet.

    It is often necessary to restrict users in access rights in offices so that employees cannot access the Internet and spend their working time reading e-books, personal e-mail correspondence and using gaming applications.

  4. Find the 'Administration' icon in the 'Control Panel'. Go to the 'Local Security Policy' directory. Go to the 'Local Policies' directory and then to the 'User rights assignment' directory. Assigning user rights

    Set the rights of the user 'Guest'

  5. Delete the 'Guest' account in the 'Deny access to the computer from the network' and 'Deny logon locally' policies

Steps to hide the network neighborhood

Sometimes it becomes necessary to hide the network environment and restrict access to it to users who do not own the rights to carry out certain operations. This is done according to the given algorithm:

  1. In the 'Control Panel' go to 'Network and Sharing Center' and open the 'Change advanced sharing settings' tab.

    • in the 'Advanced sharing options' check the box to the 'Disable network discovery' position. Advanced sharing options panel

      In the panel, turn on the switch # Disable network discovery '

  2. Expand the Run panel of the Standard service of the Start key menu and enter the gpedit.msc command. Launching the Local Group Policy Editor snap-in

    In the 'Open' field, enter the command gpedit.msc

    • in the opened snap-in “Local Group Policy Editor” go to the directory “User Configuration”. Open the 'Administrative Templates' directory and sequentially go through the' Components Windows '-' Explorer Windows '-' Hide the 'Entire network' icon in the 'Network' folder. 'Local Group Policy Editor'

      In the 'Explorer Windows' folder, select the line 'Hide the' Entire network 'icon in the' Network 'folder

    • right-click the line and switch the state to the 'Enabled' position.

After completing these steps, the intranet becomes invisible to those participants who do not have the right to work in it or have limited access rights.

Hide or not hide Network Neighborhood is an administrator privilege.

Creating and managing a computer intranet is a rather time consuming process. When setting up an intranet, you must adhere to the established rules so that later you do not have to search and fix errors. All large organizations and institutions are creating local intranets based on a wired connection, but at the same time, intranets based on wireless use of Wi-Fi are gaining popularity. To create and administer such networks, it is necessary to go through all the stages of learning, self-managing and configuring local intranets.

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