How to create a backup Windows 10 and restore the system using it

One day Windows 10 may not start. Fortunately, restoring your system will take a maximum of a day if you use backups and the right arsenal of programs.

Content

  • Why do you need to backup Windows 10 with the contents of the disk
  • How to create a copy Windows 10 and restore the system using it
    • Create a backup Windows 10 with DISM
    • Create a copy Windows 10 using the backup wizard
      • Video: how to create an image Windows 10 using the backup wizard and restore the system using it
    • Creating a backup copy Windows 10 via Aomei Backup Standart and restoring the OS from it
      • Creating a bootable USB flash drive Aomei Backupper Standart
      • Recovery Windows from a flash drive Windows 10 Aomei Backupper
      • Video: how to create an image Windows 10 with Aomei Backupper and restore the system with it
    • Recovery work Windows 10 in Macrium Reflect
      • Creating bootable media in Macrium Reflect
      • Recovery Windows 10 using a flash drive with Macrium Reflect
      • Video: how to create an image Windows with Macrium Reflect and restore the system with it
  • Why and how to delete backups Windows 10
  • Backup & Restore Windows 10 Mobile
    • Features of copying and restoring personal data in Windows 10 Mobile
    • How to back up data Windows 10 Mobile
      • Video: how to back up all your smartphone data with Windows 10 Mobile
    • Imaging Windows 10 Mobile

Why do you need to backup Windows 10 with the contents of the disk

A backup is creating an image of the C drive with all installed programs, drivers, components, and settings.

A backup copy of the operating system with already installed drivers is created in the following cases:

  • it is necessary to effectively restore the system Windows, which has undergone a sudden collapse, with minimal or no loss of personal data, without spending extra time on it;
  • it is necessary to restore the system Windows without re-searching for drivers for the hardware of the PC and OS components, found, installed and configured after long searches and experiments.

How to create a copy Windows 10 and restore the system using it

You can use the Backup Wizard Windows 10, built-in Command Line tools, or third-party applications.

Create a backup Windows 10 with DISM

The DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management) utility works through the 'Command Line' Windows.

  1. Press and hold the Shift key before restarting Windows 10. Restart your PC.
  2. Give the command 'Troubleshoot' – 'Advanced options' – 'Command line' in the recovery environment Windows 10. System Image Restore in Recovery Environment Windows 10

    Recovery Environment Windows has a full arsenal of startup fixes

  3. In the opened command line Windows enter the command diskpart. DiskPart command in command line Windows 10

    The slightest error of commands Windows 10 will lead to re-entering them

  4. Enter the list volume command, select the label and parameters of the partition on which it is installed from the list of disks Windows 10, enter the exit command.
  5. Type the command dism / Capture-Image /ImageFile:D:\Win10Image.wim / CaptureDir: E: \ / Name: ”Windows 10”, where E is the drive with already installed Windows 10, and D is the disk to which the OS backup will be written. Wait until the end of recording the copy Windows. Writing a copy of the OS using DISM in the Command Prompt window Windows 10

    Wait until the end of copying the disk from Windows

Windows 10 and the contents of the disc are now written to another disc.

Create a copy Windows 10 using the backup wizard

Working with the 'Command Line' is the most professional way from the point of view of users. But if it doesn't work for you, try the built-in Windows 10 backup wizard.

  1. Click on 'Start' and enter the word 'reserve' in the search bar of the main menu Windows 10. Select 'Backup and Restore Windows 10'. 'Backup and Restore' in the Start Menu Windows 10

    Run the backup tool Windows from the start menu

  2. In the log file window Windows 10, click the System Image Backup button. System Image Backup button in File History window Windows 10

    Click the link to create a backup image Windows

  3. Confirm your choice by opening the 'Create a system image' link. Create a system image button in the Backup and Restore window Windows 10

    Click the link confirming OS image creation

  4. Select the option to save the created image Windows. Selecting the option to save the image Windows 10 in the 'Create a system image' window

    Choose, for example, save the image Windows to an external drive

  5. Confirm saving the disk image Windows 10 by selecting the partition to save (for example, C). Click the start backup button. Selecting a drive in the Create System Image window at Windows 10

    Confirm the backup image by selecting a disk from the list of partitions

  6. Wait until the copy of the disk is written to the image. If you need a rescue disk Windows 10, confirm the request and follow the prompts of the OS Rescue Disk Burning Wizard. Request Windows 10 to write an additional rescue disk

    Rescue disk Windows 10 can simplify and speed up OS recovery

You can start restoring Windows 10 from the captured image.

By the way, saving on DVDs is the most irrational way: we will inevitably consume 10 'discs' weighing' 4.7 GB with the size of the C drive being 47 GB. A modern user, creating a section C of tens of gigabytes, installs 100 large and small programs. Especially 'voracious' in terms of disk space games. It is not known what pushed the developers Windows 10 to such recklessness: CDs began to be actively displaced already at the time Windows 7, because then sales of terabyte external hard drives increased sharply, and the flash drive was 8-32 GB became the best solution. Burning to DVD from Windows 8 / 8.1 / 10 would not hurt to exclude.

Video: how to create an image Windows 10 using the backup wizard and restore the system using it

Creating a backup copy Windows 10 via Aomei Backup Standart and restoring the OS from it

To create a copy of the disk with Windows 10 do the following:

  1. Download, install and run the Aomei Backup Standart app.
  2. Connect an external drive or insert a USB flash drive that will store a copy of the C drive.
  3. Click the Backup tab and select System Backup. Backup tab in Aomei Backupper

    Select the System Backup component

  4. Select the system partition (Step1) and the location to save its backup copy (Step2), click on the 'Start backup' button. Configuring the C drive image recording options and starting recording in the Aomei Backupper

    Select the source and save location and click the start recording button in the Aomei Backupper

The application also helps to create not just an archive image, but a disk clone. It makes it easy to transfer all content from one PC drive to another, including bootloaders Windows. This feature is useful when there is significant wear on the old media, and you need to transfer all its contents to the new one as soon as possible, without resorting to reinstallation Windows 10 and separate, selective copying of folders and files.

Creating a bootable USB flash drive Aomei Backupper Standart

However, to restore Windows in Aomei Backup, you need another tool. Let's take the Russian-language version of Aomei Backupper Standart as an example:

  1. Give the command 'Utilities' – 'Create bootable media'. The 'Create Bootable Media' item in the 'Utilities' tab in Aomei

    Select the entry in the Aomei Backupper boot disk

  2. Select the bootable media entry Windows. Selecting bootable media type based on Windows in Aomei

    Bootloader Windows PE will boot into Aomei Backupper

  3. Select to write media with UEFI support for PC motherboard firmware. Burning a disc with Aomei Backupper with UEFI support

    Assign PC support with UEFI firmware to recordable media

  4. The Aomei Backupper application will check the writeability of the UEFI disc and allow it to be written. Next button in the Create Disc Windows PE window in Aomei Backupper

    If it is possible to write a UEFI disk, click the continue button

  5. Specify your media type and click the continue button. Selecting a flash drive or DVD to start recording media Windows 10 in Aomei

    Specify your device and media to burn the disc with Windows

After clicking the 'Next' button, the flash drive or disk will be written successfully. That's it, you can go directly to the restoration of performance Windows 10.

Recovery Windows from a flash drive Windows 10 Aomei Backupper

Do the following:

  1. Boot your PC from the just burned USB stick. Bootloader Windows 10 Aomei is similar to the standard installer bootloader Windows

    Wait while the PC loads the Aomei Backupper recovery program into memory

  2. Select rollback Windows 10. Rollback Tab in Aomei Backupper

    Enter the Aomei Rollback Tool Windows 10

  3. Specify the path to the archived image file. The external drive on which the image Windows 10 was saved must be connected, since it must be removed before restarting Windows 10 so that it does not interfere with the Aomei bootloader. Specifying the path to the backup file Windows 10 in Aomei

    Tell Aomei where to get the rollback data from Windows 10

  4. Confirm that this is the exact image you need for recovery Windows. Request message Windows Aomei Backupper to start rollback

    Confirm Aomei's request for the correctness of the archive Windows 10

  5. Select the operation to be prepared with the mouse and press the 'OK' button. OK button on Rollback tab in Aomei Backupper

    Select this line and press the 'OK' button in the Aomei Backupper

  6. Click the rollback start button Windows. Launch button in the Rollback tab in Aomei Backupper

    Confirm rollback in Aomei Backupper Windows 10

The system Windows 10 will be restored in the form in which you copied it to the archive image, with the same applications, settings and documents on the C drive.

Recovery progress Windows 10 in Aomei Backupper

Wait until the end of the rollback Windows 10, it will take up to several hours

After clicking Finish, restart the recovered OS.

Video: how to create an image Windows 10 with Aomei Backupper and restore the system with it

Recovery work Windows 10 in Macrium Reflect

Macrium Reflect is a good tool to quickly restore Windows 10 from a previously captured backup image. All teams have been translated into Russian due to difficulties with the availability of a Russian-language version.

To copy the data from the disk where Windows 10 is installed, do the following:

  1. Download, install and run Macrium Reflect application.
  2. Give the command 'Save' – 'Create system image'. Create System Image Tab in Macrium Reflect

    Open Archive Tool Windows 10 in Macrium

  3. Select the tool 'Create image of partitions required for recovery Windows'. Tab 'Image of partitions required for recovery Windows' in Macrium

    Go to the selection of logical drives important for the backup Windows 10

  4. Macrium Reflect Free will automatically select the required logical drives, including the system one. Give the command 'Folder' – 'Browse'. Choosing where to save the image Windows 10 in Macrium

    Click the browse button for files and folders on your PC in Macrium Reflect

  5. Confirm saving the image Windows 10. Macrium Reflect saves the image by default without giving it a filename. Browse for folders window in Macrium

    Macrium also suggests creating a new folder

  6. Press the Finish key. Macrium Finish Button

    Press the end key in Macrium

  7. Leave both 'Start Copy Now' and 'Save Archive Information to Separate XML File' checked. Archive settings Windows 10 in Macrium

    Click 'OK' to start saving the archive copy Windows

  8. Wait until the end of recording the archive with Windows 10. Progress of copying disk from Windows 10 to archive image in Macrium

    Macrium will help to copy Windows 10 and all programs with settings to the image

Macrium saves images in MRIMG format, not ISO or IMG, unlike most other programs, including built-in backup tools Windows 10.

Creating bootable media in Macrium Reflect

In case the system cannot start without external media, you should take care of a bootable USB flash drive or DVD in advance. The Macrium application is also adapted for writing bootable media. To speed up the process, the teams have been translated into Russian and popularized.

  1. Start Macrium Reflect and give the command 'Media' – 'Disk Image' – 'Create Boot Image'. Macrium Media Button

    Go to Macrium Reflect Rescue Media Creator

  2. Start Macrium Rescue Media Wizard. Macrium Rescue Disk Wizard window

    Select the media type in the Rescue Disk Wizard window

  3. Select version Windows PE 5.0 (versions based on the Windows 8. 1 kernel, which includes Windows 10). Selecting PE 5.0 bootloader version in Macrium

    Version 5.0 is compatible with Windows 10

  4. Click the 'Next' button to continue. Confirmation of work Macrium with Windows PE 5.0

    Click the go to further Macrium settings

  5. After creating the list of drivers, click the Next button again. List of portable device drivers in Macrium

    Confirm the action by clicking the same button in Macrium

  6. After determining the bit depth Windows 10 click 'Next' again. Item 'Bit depth' in Macrium

    Press the continue button again to proceed to further actions in Macrium

  7. Macrium will offer to download the necessary boot files from the website Microsoft (preferably). Macrium Reflect message about redirecting the user to the site Microsoft for the downloader files

    Download the files you want by clicking on the download button

  8. Check the 'Enable UEFI USB Multiboot Support' option, select your USB flash drive or memory card. Bootloader recording settings Windows 10 to a USB flash drive in Macrium

    USB disk support must be enabled for Macrium to start recording

  9. Click the Finish button. The bootloader Windows 10 will be written to the USB stick.

Recovery Windows 10 using a flash drive with Macrium Reflect

As in the previous instructions for Aomei, boot the PC from the USB stick and wait for the bootloader Windows to load into the RAM of the PC or tablet.

  1. Give the command 'Recovery' – 'Boot from image', use the link 'Select image from file' at the top of the Macrium tab. Macrium Reflect bootloader to run Windows 10

    Macrium will display a list of previously saved images Windows 10

  2. Select the image Windows 10 from which you will restore the startup and login. Selecting an image Windows 10 to fix OS startup in Macrium

    Use one of the most recent images Windows 10 that the PC worked with without crashing

  3. Click on the 'Restore from Image' link. Use the 'Next' and 'Finish' buttons to confirm.

Launch Windows 10 will be fixed. After that, you will be able to continue working with Windows.

Video: how to create an image Windows with Macrium Reflect and restore the system with it

Why and how to delete backups Windows 10

The decision to delete unnecessary copies Windows is made in the following cases:

  • lack of space on the media for storing these copies (storage disks, flash drives, memory cards are full);
  • irrelevance of these copies after the release of new programs for work and entertainment, games, etc., deletion of 'used' documents from the C drive;
  • the need for confidentiality. You do not leave behind secret data, not wanting them to fall into the hands of competitors, and promptly get rid of unnecessary 'tails'.

The last point requires clarification. If you work in law enforcement agencies, in a military plant, in a hospital, etc., storing disk images with Windows and personal data of employees may be prohibited by the regulations.

If the archived images Windows 10 were saved separately, the images are removed in the same way as deleting any files on a healthy system. It doesn't matter what disk they are stored on.

Don't make yourself difficult. If the image files have been deleted, recovery from a bootable flash drive will not work anyway: there will be nothing to roll back Windows 10 in this way. Use other methods, for example, fixing problems at startup Windows or a fresh installation of 'tens' using a copy-image downloaded from the site Microsoft or from torrent trackers. Here you need not a bootable (LiveDVD bootloader), but an installation flash drive Windows 10.

Backup & Restore Windows 10 Mobile

Windows 10 Mobile is a version Windows adapted for smartphones. In some cases, it can be installed on a tablet, if the latter does not differ in impeccable performance and speed. The Windows 10 Mobile system replaced Windows Phone 7/8.

Features of copying and restoring personal data in Windows 10 Mobile

In addition to working documents, multimedia data and games, contacts, call lists, SMS / MMS messages, diary entries and an organizer are archived in Windows 10 Mobile – all this is a mandatory attribute of modern smartphones.

To restore and transfer data to an image from the command console Windows 10 Mobile, it is more convenient to use any external keyboard and mouse than typing long commands with numerous parameters from the sensor for 15 minutes: as you know, one wrong character or extra space, and the command the CMD interpreter (or PowerShell) will throw an error.

However, not all smartphones with Windows Mobile (as in the case of Android) will allow you to connect an external keyboard: you will need to install additional system libraries and, possibly, compile the OS code in the hope of seeing the cherished ones on the smartphone screen cursor and mouse pointer. These methods also do not guarantee 100% results. If there are no problems with tablets, then with smartphones, due to the too small display, you will have to tinker.

How to back up data Windows 10 Mobile

Windows 10 Mobile, fortunately, bears a huge resemblance to 'desktop' Windows 10: it is about the same as the versions Apple iOS for iPhone and iPad.

Almost all actions Windows 10 have something in common with Windows Phone 8. Most of them in Windows 10 Mobile are borrowed from the usual 'ten'.

  1. Give the command 'Start' – 'Settings' – 'Update and Security'. Item 'Update and Security' in Windows 10 Mobile

    Select Update & Security Tool Windows Mobile 10

  2. Start the backup service Windows 10 Mobile. Item 'Archiving Service' in Windows 10 Mobile

    Select archive service Windows 10 Mobile

  3. Turn it on (there is a software toggle switch). Settings can include both copying personal data and settings of already installed applications and the OS itself. Archive Service Settings Windows 10 Mobile

    Turn on copying data and settings to OneDrive

  4. Set up an automatic backup schedule. If you want to sync your smartphone with OneDrive immediately, click the Archive Data Now button. Advanced setup for copying data to OneDrive

    Turn on a schedule and define app-specific personal information to transfer to OneDrive

Since the size of the C and D drives on a smartphone is often not as huge as on a PC, you will need a cloud storage account such as OneDrive. The data will be copied to the One Drive network 'cloud' with its help. All this resembles the work of the service Apple iCloud on iOS or Google Drive in Android.

To transfer data to another smartphone, you also need to be signed in with your OneDrive account. Perform the same settings on it, the backup service Windows 10 Mobile will download all personal files from the 'cloud' and onto the second device.

Video: how to back up all your smartphone data with Windows 10 Mobile

Imaging Windows 10 Mobile

With smartphones Windows 10 Mobile, not everything is as simple as it was with the regular version Windows 10. Unfortunately Microsoft never provided a working tool for creating pure Windows 10 Mobile backups. Alas, everything is limited only to the transfer of personal data, settings and applications installed on a smartphone to another smartphone. The stumbling block here is the difficulty of connecting smartphones with Windows to external hard drives and flash drives, despite the MicroUSB interface in many smartphones and OTG connections to it.

Reinstallation Windows 10 on a smartphone is possible mainly by cable using a PC or laptop and a third-party program installed on the latter, for example Microsoft Visual Studio. If you are using a smartphone that had Windows Phone 8, you need official support Windows 10 Mobile for your model.

Archiving and restoring Windows 10 from backup copies is no more difficult than working with previous versions Windows in the same way. There are many times more tools for disaster recovery built into the OS itself, as well as third-party programs for the same task.

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